The Strategic Center for International Relations has recently invited Dr. Khadim Hussain for a Lecture “The Qualities of A Progressive Syllabus in Secondary and Higher Education.” Khadim Hussain born in Badaber, Peshawar, schooled and grown up in Peshawar and Swat, Khadim Hussain did his Research thesis in Sociolinguistics, “Language shift in a Minority Kohistani community of Swat _____ the case Ushojo.” He has some 30 international research publications and scores of media articles on education, human security, social transformation, culture, linguistics, extremism and terrorism and regional cooperation. He has a book, “Rethinking Education-Critical Discourse and Society” published in 2012 and another book, “The Militant discourse”, published in 2013 to his credit. He is a researcher, political analystsو and educationist. Khadim Hussain currently works as Managing Director of Baacha Khan Trust Educational Foundation (BKTEF) and also a Research Fellow at the Strategic Center for International Relations and a member of Editorial Board of its quarterly publication.
His major points of lecture as discussed during a gathering of University’s professors, political, educational, and Kabul University Humanist Student’s Association, Mangal Youth Association, Afghanistan Humanist Association and government educational officials were promoting education, progressive syllabus, getting rid of traditional methodologies and working that how to make the socio-economic norms better in order to give a healthful educational and learning environment.
First of all, the general director of the Strategic Center Khan Wali Khan Basharmal presented the welcome remarks, and then head of Kabul University Humanist Student’s Association has gone through the transcript has written in Pashto about Dr. Khadim Hussain biography.
Dr. Khadim Hussain has started the lecture from the early life of the human. He came through different material stages of human life to current standards, norms, ethics, socioeconomic standards, cultural, and educational styles. He declared the human senses the pioneers of all progress as made now by the human. Observation has pushed the human to develop, discover, and invent. He also said that ‘the human society is the result of combined struggle of humanity. What the important role has played is looking on something with a critical view or thinking and this style of humanity introduced the gradual evolutionary process.
During his lecture, he put in order a very simple example just to support the aesthetic sense of human, he said, “We eat, drink and sleep but we can also do the same act, if we drink simple water, not juices, eat raw meat, not cooked one, and simply sleep on the floor, not in the beautiful beds,” and he further added, “Actually we all like doing these things because we love beauty and this is the aesthetics sense of humanity and that’s why we need to make the aesthetics a permanent part of our syllabus, so in this way ——— we will be in form to love humanity, to love the soil and the world and its comforts, not the violence.”
He said, “We can save ourselves from hot and cold in a very normal way, but still we like to wear the nice one and best dresses to enhance and make beautiful our personality”, he further focused and praised the invention that “The first great step was the invention of language and its uses.” The human greatly progressed through using its language with other humans and the human came to understand its importance and then tried to establish different social, economic, cultural and educational terms with other tribes and people of the nations. He described this in a three-way, critical thinking, invention and social ethics and relations.
He said we have specific rules of leading life in this world, if we removed plants from this world, then, of course, it will affect its quality, and the universe will face problems. In the same way, if we are affecting the language, culture, religion, economy and other standards then it will decrease the level of enjoyment and good life.
He adds, “if the students get the power of critical thinking then we need to develop a curriculum, should be constituted of critical contents; should motivate the students or readers to question and discuss the events”, ”this will create the capacity of the humanity to lead the society and answer the critical thinking and concerns and this thinking will enhance or make strong the social order. It will give the work of strengthening of institutions to make sure the distribution of resources in the people.”
Furthermore, he said, “when creativity and invention work then knowledge comes to power as well as it transfers to next generation and thus human evolution takes place and the generations get further advancement.” Now the very fundamental question is that we should make the discussed elements part of the educational syllabus, he said that ‘we should give the chance of questioning and discussion. The methodology of teaching should be, to engage the students in a very proper way to motivate them for asking further questions, and it should lead the students toward observation and critical thinking, he said, “this is not only for Afghan students but for all nations, and this is the only way to create interest in students to go through critical thinking, observation, invention, and progress, and it is possible through multi-dimensionality in observation, because multi-dimensionality will bring different angles with itself, and it will give space to multiple thinking and progress”, “Billions of neurons of human work in the human brain and these bring different thinking so that’s why we give importance to critical thinking and freedom of speech to ask the questions and investigate the matters explicitly without any hurdle and the billions of neurons lead us to create thousands of ideas and then these ideas lead us to inventions. ”
When we only work to transfer the thoughts through traditional teaching methodology then this means that we are not giving space to critical thinking, but when we give space to discussion and dialogue then this means that we are giving space to observations, and observation means that giving space to inventions. Dr. Khadim Hussain said that “Knowledge is not something laying somewhere and distribute in children or give to someone on loan but knowledge is something comes through discussion, events and dialogues and observation.”
Second, part of our syllabus should be arts where this means multiple skills, the traditional and contemporary skills, we need to know the old knowledge and of course, we were the hub of historical learning, arts, and archeological locations, he also touched the historical background of Afghanistan. The knowledge of English people now converted into a modern computer, super computer and technology. Now, we are here to give to the people the right of critical thinking through discussion. They should go through to criticize the things, and then soon after this right, they will generate the power of critical consciousness. “
This is the time to reform our math, physics, arts and other natural sciences subjects, and we need to fix our motives according to our needs, if we don’t do these then the process of evolution will get a stop.
Our syllabus should be relevant to our soil, and if we don’t do then there is a possibility of losing collective memory, this means losing national memory, then we will not be able to think collectively. Our national memory means improving environmental resources for the syllabus. This is important to add something in syllabus based on environmental improvements because our objective realities take an active part in improving our thinking. Of course, this should add happiness to our collective happiness. Our syllabus should also contain a permanent part of aesthetics, where our folk, mottos, songs, and prose should also be involved in our syllabus. Because, the different areas like Khost, Paktia, and Hangu and Parachinaar have different folks, but it should be mixed up in our national syllabus then we will be able to understand the aesthetics senses of different areas through a national syllabus. It will increase our understanding and will answer the conflicts and will present solutions to the problems.
Dr. Khadim Hussain has put in order a practical example that once he was traveling to Swat from Peshawar, but when he observed that the birds were also affected and their sounds were not having emotional tones but dismal due to several clashes between different groups. So, that’s why we say that how an environment affects the learning process and mindset.
The second part was about questions.
The Afghan Tribune | Web Desk | Published: December 05, 2015, 01:51 PM
The Strategic Center for International Relations